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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology lecture notes 11.3.09 Biology and Evolution • What is evolution? o Change in inherited traits of populations over successive generations • The four forces of Evolution o Mutation + sexual reproduction o Genetic drift o Gene flow o Natural selection • The story of the origin of humans and the world in general is part of almost every mythology on the planet o Ancient Egypt: humans were born from the tears of the Sun god Re, who cried tears of joy upon finding the lost twins Nut (Sky) and Geb (Earth) that got lost wandering in the darkness. The tears were transformed into people o Maya mythology: creation of humans through trial and error First try – people made of mud Second try – wood (end up being monkeys) Third try – maize corn dough – success! o Ancient greek mythology: the first humans created by titan Prometheus out of clay and then goddess Athena breathed life into them o Judeo-Christian creation myth: God formed man (Adam) from the dust of the ground (clay) and breathed the life through his nostrils. He created a woman (Eve) using Adam’s rib The concept that species change over time has origins in antiquity • Greek philosophers: o Anaximander o Empedocles o Aristotle – the Great chain of being •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course ANTH 105 taught by Professor Tankosic during the Winter '09 term at Indiana.
- Winter '09