15-4 - 1 Brain size head size has nothing o do w race...

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Moore – “Franz Boas: Culture in Context” p. 42-51 [9-16] 1. Introduction 1. Franz Boas shaped the direction of 20 th -century American anthropology 2. Contended that cultural traits 1 st must be explained in terms of specific cultural context rather then by broad reference to general evolutionary trends 1. In museums ethnographic collections should be “arranged according to tribes, in order to teach the peculiar style of each group” 2. Background [p. 44] 1. Boas strove to understand what determined the behavior of human beings 2. Granted the 1 st American Ph.D. in anthropology in 1882 @ Clark University in Massachusetts 3. Helped establish the American Anthropological Association 4. Revived the International Journal of American Linguistics in 1917 5. Boas showed that cranial form was anything but stable, w/ significant differences btwn immigrant parents and their American-born children
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Brain size/ head size has nothing o do w/ race, culture 2. Spoke out against racism, targeting America, a lot 3. The Integration of Cultures [p. 48] 1. Boas’ most consistent held position/ belief = cultures are integrated wholes produced by specific historical processes rather than reflections of universal evolutionary stages 2. Comparative approaches of Morgan & Taylor have 3 flaws: 1. 1. The assumption of unilineal evolution 2. 2. The notion of modern societies as evolutionary survivals 3. 3. The classification of societies based on weak data and inappropriate criteria 3. Anthropology’s primary is “penetrating analysis of a unique culture describing its form, the dynamic reactions of the individual to the culture, and of the culture to the individual” 4. Conclusion [p.50] 1. [nothing]...
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