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22download_doc-17.php - L293 Negligence&StrictLiability...

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L293 (4/1/2009) Negligence & Strict Liability Negligence: The  Un intentional Tort  o The elements of a negligence claim are  Defendant owed a duty of care to plaintiff, Defendant committed a breach of duty, Breach was actual and proximate cause of Injury experienced by the plaintiff Element 1: Duty of Due Care o In general, a defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of reasonable care if the plaintiff  would  foreseeably be at risk of harm from the defendant’s conduct A duty may arise if a special relationship existed between the parties Examples of a special relationship:  doctor-patient, lawyer-client,  accountant-client, babysitter-child Williams v. Cingular Wireless     o Did Cingular owe a duty of care to the plaintiff? Without a duty, there can be no breach Williams v. Cingular Wireless     o Law Applied to Facts Defendant had  no relationship to plaintiff  so as to create a duty  Little or no  foreseeability  that the sale of a cell phone would cause  plaintiff’s injury Imposing a duty on defendant would not be  sound public policy o Holding :   Dismissal of claim against Cingular affirmed Duty of Care of Property Owners o Duties of property owners vary with  type of person  on the property Invitee  (business visitor or member of the public):  owner or tenant must  exercise reasonable care for safety of his/her invitees Licensee  (those on property for his own purpose):   owner or tenant  obligated only to warn licensee of hidden, dangerous conditions Trespasser
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