22-8 - Chapter 9 Communicating With Others 1. What is the...

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Chapter 9 Communicating With Others 1. What is the linguistic relativity hypothesis? Language not only shapes how we think but also how we perceive the world o Language controls thought o i.e.: if your language lacks color terms to distinguish between blue and green, which is the case for some African languages, you might have a difficult time telling those colors apart on a color test o if the Eskimo language has 10 diff words for “ice” then native speakers probably think differently from English speakers about ice 2. Describe each of the three aspects of grammar ( phonology , syntax , and semantics ). Grammar: rules of language enabling the communicator to combine arbitrary symbols to convey meaning Phonology: rules for how sounds should be combined to make words in a language o Syntax: rules for combining words to make sentences [article –adj. – noun] [think sentence] o i.e incorrect syntax: “No he going” o words and syntax combined doesn’t create meaning Semantics: rules used to communicate meaning o i.e. violating this rule: Colorless green ideas sleep furiously but obeys syntax b/c a sentence [but odd] 3. Describe the hierarchical nature of language. What is a
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22-8 - Chapter 9 Communicating With Others 1. What is the...

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