22-7 - Chapter 8 Recovering Information From Cues 1. How...

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Chapter 8 Recovering Information From Cues 1. How does memory depend on the encoding retrieval match? Give an example. What is the encoding specificity principle ? Encoding Retrieval Match : cues should match memory that was encoded o Think about sound of word during original presentation, rather than appearance Principle : retrieval is effective to the extent that it matches the way info was originally encoded 2. Describe transfer-appropriate processing , and discuss how it relates to encoding specificity principle. Transfer-Appropriate Processing : the idea that the likelihood of correct retrieval is increased if a person uses the same kind of mental processes during testing that he or she used during encoding o i.e: study for test in P155 room with pencil and paper – b/c that’s setting and method of taking test Relation: effective to extent of matching it to how the test/ situation will be 3. How is memory reconstructive? Relate this principle to the concept of schemas . Reconstructive: what you remember in certain cases often corresponds more to habit than to actual fact o i.e.: trying to recall what had for breakfast 3 weeks ago: did u even have it,
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22-7 - Chapter 8 Recovering Information From Cues 1. How...

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