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22-4 - Chapter 8 Storing Information for the Long Term 1...

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Chapter 8 Storing Information for the Long Term 1. Describe each of the following types of LTM and give an example of each: (a) episodic memory , (b) semantic memory , (c) procedural memory . Episodic Memory: memory from a particular event or episode that happened to you personally o i.e.: 1 st kiss; what you ate for breakfast; where you went on vacation last year Semantic Memory: knowledge about the world, stored as facts that make little or no reference to one’s personal experience o i.e.: knowing the capital of the US; fruits/ vegetable; father’s middle name o think semantics [grammar structure rule that conveys meaning] Procedural Memory : knowledge about how to do something [really tough to put into words] o i.e.: tying your shoes; bike riding; athletic skills 2. Describe elaboration and why it helps store things in LTM. Describe several methods of elaboration. Relate elaboration to the notion of distinctiveness.
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