Biological Molecules - Biological Reactions Biological...

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Unformatted text preview: Biological Reactions Biological Reactions Introduction to important molecules which comprise the structure and function of all living organisms Categories: Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids Carbohydrates Biological Compounds Biological Compounds Characteristics of Characteristics of Biological Molecules to Biological Molecules to Consider Consider Monomer Subunits that serve as building blocks Connected by condensation reactions (dehydration) Polymers Covalent bonding occurs Solubility in Water Monomers and Monomers and Polymers Polymers Monomer Polymer Dehydration Dehydration Synthesis Synthesis Polymer Monomers H HO H HO H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 C 12 H 22 O 11 + H 2 O Dehydration Dehydration Synthesis Synthesis Dehydration Dehydration Synthesis Synthesis Hydrolysis Hydrolysis Monomers H HO H 2 O C 12 H 22 O 11 + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 Hydrolysis Hydrolysis Characteristics of Characteristics of Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Sugars, Starches & Others Principle Elements: C, H, & O From Photosynthesis Monomers: Monosaccharides Polymers: Polysaccharides Water Soluble Functions of Functions of Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Energy Metabolism Structural Components Cell-to-Cell Contacts and Recognition Elimination of wastes (fiber) Monosaccharides Monosaccharides Chemical Formulas C 6 H 12 O 6 C 6 H 12 O 6 Monosaccharides Monosaccharides Chemical Formulas C 5 H 10 O 5 C 5 H 10 O 4 Disaccharides Disaccharides Maltose Maltose Sucrose Sucrose glucose + fructose glucose + glucose Lactose Lactose glucose + galactose Polysaccharide Polysaccharide s s glycogen Characteristics of...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Wong during the Fall '09 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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Biological Molecules - Biological Reactions Biological...

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