5_Worlds_Population

5_Worlds_Population - Worlds Population World Readings:...

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World World ’s Population ’s Population Readings: Zagorsky “World’s Population” Chapter Found on Class Website in the directory “Prof’s Textbook”
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The Big Discussion Question Are There Too Many People In The World?
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Why Do We Care? Key idea From last lecture: Society has scarce resources. Because of scarce resources people make choices – tradeoffs. In “Civilized” society tradeoffs are handled by the price mechanism. Sometimes “Civilized” solution breaks down and allocation of scarce resources is done by force.
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One of the Scarcest Resources One of the scarcest of the world’s resources is land . Examples: Population pressure in Europe during 1700s and 1800s resulted in many people migrating to U.S. These immigrants primarily wanted land. For example in the 1860s and 1870s Switzerland felt it was so overcrowded that Swiss Cantons provided subsidies for people to leave.
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What Happens When There Is Not Enough Land? These new U.S. immigrants encountered a number of problems. One of the first problems was that Native Americans occupied the land they wanted to farm. The solution adopted was very direct and brutal.
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Partial List of Wars 1675 - 1676 King Philip's War (1 st major fight) New England Colonies vs. Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Nipmuck Indians 1756 - 1763 French and Indian War 1759 - 1761 Cherokee War English Colonists vs. Cherokee (North Carolina – Georgia) 1813 - 1814 Creek War United States vs. Creek Indians (Alabama) 1835 – 1842 Seminole War United States vs. Seminole Indians (Florida) 1876 The Battle of the Little Bighorn Custer vs. the Sioux
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How Effective Was This? The first Census of Native Americans in 1860 found just 44,000 left. Ten years later in 1870 the population had fallen to a bit under 26,000. Once the wars stopped Native American Population has rebounded. 1990 population about 2.0 million. 2000 population about 2.4 million.
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Rwandan Genocide Between April and June 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 days. Most of the dead were Tutsis - and most of those who perpetrated the violence were Hutus. Participants were often given incentives, such as money or food, and some were even told they could appropriate the land of the Tutsis they killed. The entire event is captured in an excellent 2 minute slide show by the BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3594187.stm
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Longer Movie Hotel Rwanda. True story of Paul Rusesabagina, a manager of a 5-star hotel who shelters 1,200 refugees during the savagery of the conflict.
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Are At Risk? Look Up General Economic
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5_Worlds_Population - Worlds Population World Readings:...

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