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Prison Systems - Prison Systems By Joshua Nyland University...

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Prison Systems By Joshua Nyland University of Phoenix CJS 230 11/28/10
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State and federal prisons are as alike as they are different. They both have the goal of making a safer America, and they both hold many of the same types of prisoners. At the sometimes they are different in many ways. Such as the states holding much more prisoners and the federal holds some prisoners that stats do not. The state and federal prisons are both important and this paper will show how. The prison system that we have today can trace its roots back to the late 1700’s. Scholars and reformers of the Eighteenth Century wanted to change the way things were done. They did not like all the harsh punishments, and the excessive use of the death penalty. There were always some form of prisons used, but they were not always used as punishment. At one point they were only used to hold people for their sentence. Two of the most know historical models are the Pennsylvania and Auburn models. The Auburn style became favored because of it cost saving methods. There later became two different types of prisons for a time, and that was the industrial prison (Auburn style) of the north, and the agricultural prison (prison farms). With the amount carpal punishment decreased and other form of harsh punishment the volume of prisoners increased. Each state started with one prison, but each has been made to add
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