cog psych exam 3 - 6

cog psych exam 3 - 6 - Exam 3 review Intelligence...

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Exam 3 review General Intelligence - g - the part of intelligence that is common to all intellectual tasks - influences out ability to think and learn on all intellectual tasks - measures of g such as scores on intelligence tests correlate positively with school grades and achievement test performance - correlates with info processing speed, speed of neural transmission and brain volume Fluid Intelligence - ability to think on the spot to solve novel problems - closely realated to the ability to learn, the speed of info processing, the capacity of working memory and the ability to control attention, brain size (cortex), amount of activation in secific regions of the brain - peaks in early adulthood then declines Crystallized intelligence - factual knowledge about the world - knowledge of word meanings, state capitals, answers to arithmetic - reflects long term memory for prior exereinces - closely related to verbal ability - hippocampus - increases steadily from early life to old age Primary mental abilities - seven abilities said by Thurstone to be crucial to intelligence - word fluency, verbal meaning, reasoning, spatial visualization, numbering, rote memory, and perceptual speed Three-stratum theory of intelligence - Carroll’s model on intelligence, including g at the top of the hierarchy, eight moderately general abilities in the middle, and many specific processes at the bottom Multiple Intelligences theory - Gardners theory of intellect, based on the view that people posses at least
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eight types of intelligence - Linguistic, logical0mathematical, spatial, musical, naturalistic, bodily- kinsthetic, intrapersonal, interpersonal - Did research on people who had brain damage - Prodegies - Children learn best through instruction Change in IQ over time - IQ scores show continuity - The closer the time IQ tests are given, the more stability - Average change of points - Random variation - Changes in environment Signs of giftedness - unusual alertness and long attention span in infancy
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cog psych exam 3 - 6 - Exam 3 review Intelligence...

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