Social Psych Exam 4 -1

Social Psych Exam 4 -1 - PSYCH EXAM 4: REVIEW GUIDE...

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PSYCH EXAM 4: REVIEW GUIDE Families Family dynamics - the way in which the family operates as a whole - no member of a family functions in isolation - all members influence each other directly and indirectly - ex: what happens to a family when father loses job – wife, children - family members influence each other through their behaviors - family functioning influenced by the social support that parents receive - developmentally influenced – as children grow older, the nature of parent-child interactions change - increased conflict (with age) - dynamics change because of parents (marital relationships), and relationships of other family members - most shifts (births, deaths, etc.) tend to be gradual and continuous - single traumatic events (divorce, death of a parent) cause dramatic change in a childs behavior and emotional adjustment - biological characteristics and parental behaviors contribute to the nature of parent- child interactions - biological characeristics of family members affect family interactions Adolescent parent-child relationship patterns - conflict between parents and their children does not escalate dramatically and parents and their adolescent children doe not typically become more alientated from each other - pattern holds true even though as children advance through adolescence, they vecome more willing to disagree with their parents - disagreements are typically over mundane things – leads to a healthier relationship - higher levels of conflict occur more when child attains puberty earlier than peers
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Effects of marital relationship on children - divorce o greater risk for a variety of short and long term problems o depression, sadness, lower self-esteem, less socially responsible and competent o boys – aggression, antisocial o drop out of school, delinquents, have children out of wedlock o greater risk for divorce themselves o less likely to complete school o most do not suffer significant enduring problems o influence on children’s adjustment to divorce: parental conflict distressing for children to observe cause feelings of insecurity (about their own relationships) fathers tend to have lower-quality relationships with their children ongoing conflict (of divorce) has negative effects if they feel caught up in it need to be loyal to one parent more than other ? stress custodial parent – more responsibility isolation – move, lose access to established social networks or when other members of the family take sides/turn against mothers tend to face greater financial issues irritable, less warm fathers tend to become permissive and the child then resists mothers attempts of control age of child
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younger children have a harder time understanding the causes and consequences of divorce younger: anxious about abandonment, blame themselves older: poor academics, negative relationships with parents, illegal activity(less monitoring) adolescence more affected by remarriage than younger
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Social Psych Exam 4 -1 - PSYCH EXAM 4: REVIEW GUIDE...

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