Intro to Social Psychology Exam 4 - morality

Intro to Social Psychology Exam 4 - morality - Intro to...

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Intro to Social Psychology Exam 4 Morality, altruism, aggression Kohlberg’s 3 levels of moral reasoning - Pre-conventional o Not based on moral principles o Based on outcomes for child o Self-centered o Getting rewards and avoiding punishments - Conventional reasoning o Based on societies rules and laws o Expectations of others - Post-conventional o Abstract moral principles Kohlberg’s 6 stages - Pre-conventional o Consequences Avoid punishment No real morality, just being obedient o 2. Naïve Hedonism consequences personal rewards no high order principles no broader sense of moral justice what is right is what is in ones own best interest or involves equal exchange between people - Conventional
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o 3. Good boy/good girl intentions help, please others have good motives show concern about others maintaining good relationships with others o most typical adults end up reasoning (morally obligated) laws, rules, maintain social order will of society - Post-conventional o 5. Social contract human values and rights social contracts legality vs. morality the greatest good for the greatest number o 6. Individual differences of conscience priests, rabbis, etc. abstract principles universal justice, truth, transcend laws, social contracts individual conscience Prosocial behavior - voluntary behavior intended tobenefit another, such as helping, sharing, and comforting of others - Level 1 Hedonistic, self-focused orientation o Individual concerned with his or her own interests rather than with moral considerations
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o Preschoolers and young elementary school children - Level 2 Needs-based orientation o Individual expresses concern for the physical, material, and psychological needs of others even with those needs conflict with his or her own o Preschoolers and elementary - Level 3 Approval and/or stereotyped orientation o Individual justifies engaging or not engaging in prosocial behavior on the basis of others’ approval or acceptance and/or on stereotyped imaged of good and bad persons and behavior o Some elementary school and high school - Level 4a self-reflective empathetic orientation o Individuals judgements include evidence of self-reflective sympathetic responding or role taking, concern with the others humanness, and/or guilt
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Intro to Social Psychology Exam 4 - morality - Intro to...

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