Intro to Social Psych Chap 2

Intro to Social Psych Chap 2 - Intro to Social Psych...

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Intro to Social Psych Chapter 2 Self-schemas - beliefs about the self that organize and guide the proessing of self-relevant information - beliefs about the self that organize and guide Self concept - how we think of ourselves - development of self concept o childhood – simplistic, what we’re told/experience o adulthood – psychological generalized other/community - types o independent defining oneself based on internal thought and feelings emotional, environmentalist western/male people have their own responsibilities encouraged to express selves emotionally independent leadership emphazised change jobs trust placed in individual anger is a valid and acceptable emotion o interdependent defining oneself based on ones identity in relation to others eastern/female
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china/japan say you belong to a company, group, etc. emotionally dependent on organizations want to belong to a group trust in group decisions anger = something has gone wrong – bad shame, guilt, anxiety – common feelings 2 types o collective men define by group (republican) assimilate to in group, compare to out group o relational define self by relationships with others family, relationships, not groups assimilate with sig. other self-awareness - the act of thinking about ourselves Social Identity Theory - personal and social identity - want to be positively regarded by self and others - components o categorization – group people into categories o identification – identify with a group becomes our “in group” o comparison – compare our group and other groups
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want positive comparisons so in group looks good o psychological distinctiveness – desire positive uniquness from in group and outgroup want to be part of a group but distinctive – individual - maintaining a positive social identity o could find a better group o change comparision o ingroup/outgroup bias – give larger rewards to ingroup and harsher punishment to outgroup o black sheep effect – punish ingroup member harsher than outgroup because hurt the identity of that group – reflects poorly - identity interference o when two social identities are perceived as being in conflict o stress – not living up to expectation o can motivate Creating a social concept - introspection o examine self to learn about self o not informative – imaginative o weakness – unconscious thought - social comparision theory o when do we compare no objective measure (ex. good art) uncertainty about yourself after a test, want to know what everyone else got o who do we compare with initially everyone then those with similar background
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o we can compare our current self to our past self dreaded possible self desired potential self o
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Intro to Social Psych Chap 2 - Intro to Social Psych...

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