Intro to Social Psych Chap 3

Intro to Social Psych Chap 3 - Intro to Social Psych...

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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Social Psych Chapter 3 Social cognition- the manner in which we interpret, analyze, remember, and use information about the social world- attention, perception, judgements- 2 types o controlled intellectual tasks effortful conscious counterfactual thinking • tendency to imagine other outcomes in a situation than the ones that actually occurred • what ifs • upward (compare with something greater) • downward (compare with something worse than what has happened thought suppression • efforts to prevent certain thoughts from entering consciousness • process of thought suppression o monitoring process (automatic) scans thoughts of anything like ex. white monkey o operating process (effortful) blocks thought once scanner points it out o rebound effect thoughts were trying to block come up even more cog. Load – under a lot of stress brain wise operating process too tired and busy and cant block the monitoring prcess • can lead to lower immunue function o automatic nonconsious unintentional involuntary effortless we usually automatically assume we have more control than we really do • facilitated communication o helping those mentally handicapped to communicate with computer, but really the facilitator was responsible illusion we don’t have control either automatic brain power to reserve our brain power schemas – mental frameworks, centering around a specific theme, that allow for the organization of large amounts of material in an efficient manner • about different types of people o democrat, artistic person, mother • prejudice and stereotypes • can vary by cultures • perserverance effect o tendency for beliefs and schemas to remain unchanged, even I the face of contradictory info o once you get a schema, it sticks o hard to get rid of stereotypes o if encounter contradictory info, we make an excuse for them – excetion to the rule • what makes schemas accessible? o Chronically accessable Something you tend to think about a lot o Related to current goal o Recent experiences (priming) Increased availability in memory (because of exposure to specific stimuli) due to expereiences So strong of an influence • Priming – increased availability on memory or sonsciousness of specific types of info held in memory due to exposure to specific stimuli or events • Self-fulfilling prophecy o Case whereby people have an expectation about what another person is like, which influences how they act towar that person, which causes that person to behave consistently with people original expectations; maing the expectations come true o Rosenthall and Jacobsen (1968) If you think someones stupid, treat them that way and they act that way so you get confirmation Self fulfilling prophecies in the classroom Heuristics – rules of thumb we often use to make decisions or draw inferences quickly, with minimal effort • Part of our schemas •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2011 for the course PSY 0105 taught by Professor Williamklein during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Intro to Social Psych Chap 3 - Intro to Social Psych...

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