Intro to Social Psych - Attraction

Intro to Social Psych - Attraction - Social Psych...

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Social Psych Attraction and Relationships Relationships - social bonding in our genes o biological predisposition to close relationships o social bonds are adaptive o more likely to survive if part of a group if sick bring you food, protection, etc. o Romanian orphanages No social interaction Autistic like behaviors, physical self harm Didn’t develop right Why we need others - social capital o network o ex. dads friend can get you a job o assets that can be drawn from ones network or personal relationships - happiness - social support – emotional, material, or informational assistance provided by other people - need for affiliation – basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relationships social exclusion - spcial rejection of an individual by an entire group of people o need to belong, self-esteem, control, meaningful existence - ostracism is painful - cyber ball
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o originally played in person o 2 confederate and participant o confederate pass ball to other confederate, but participant excluded o found that when in fMRI, same pain centers light up as when being pricked by a needle o social pain is same as physical pain o - ¾ of people reported being ostracized by loved ones (silent treatment) - ostracism common - what if KKK members ostracizing you? o Still exhibit pain symptoms, even if group don’t want to be associated with - Told who to throw ball to, and still felt pain o Even if out of their control - Told imaginary computer thing, and still felt pain - Adaptive and distinctive response o Deadly – don’t have help when you need it - Need for belongingness, self esteem, need for control, need for meaningful existence – typically lowering when excluded - Shor ttern and long term different o Short term pain o Long term – self ostricism Wont get involved in any group Learned helplessness o After pain, try to make a behavior that will be postive to that group in hope of becoming including again If behavior doesn’t work, next step is aggression, then self ostricism o Self ostracism has other effects
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Eating disorders, suicide, depression Tend to attend to social info and remember it better, mimic behavior more (attempt to get back into group – conformity), cooperate more, express liking towards other groups (minority), work harder for group (women) o People would feel bad about cyberball, that the confederates would stop because felt bad that they were hurting other peoples feelings When we need others - uncertainty - threat o mortality – Terror Management*** popular theory we as humans have a unique position in that we are maybe the only species that are aware that we will die one day theorists believe that this knowledge is paralyzing fear death is so overwhelming that we become paralyzed by fear culture can help us diminish this terror cultural world view (believe a lot in independence, freedom, working hard gets you what you need, American dream) provides meaning to us, organize our lives,
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2011 for the course PSY 0105 taught by Professor Williamklein during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Intro to Social Psych - Attraction - Social Psych...

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