Research Methods Study Guide Exam 1

Research Methods Study Guide Exam 1 - Research Methods...

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Research Methods Study Guide Exam 1 Chapter 1 - empirical – based on experience - intuition – spontaneous perception or judgment not based on reasoned mental steps - common sense – practical intelligence shared by a large group of people steps - counterintuitive – something that goes against common sense - science – a way of obtaining knowledge by means of objective observations - realism – the philosophy that objects perceived have an existence outside the mind - rationality – a view that reasoning is the basis for solving problems - regularity – a belief that phenomena exist in recurring patterns that conform with universal laws - discoverability – the belief that it is possible to learn solutions to questions posed - determinism – the doctrine that all events happen because of preceding causes - law – a statement that certain events are regularly associated with each other in an orderly way - theory – a statement or set of statements explaining one or more laws, usually including one indirect concept needed to explain the relationship - falsifiability – the property of a good theory that it is capable of disproof - hypothesis – a statement assumed to be true for the purpose of testing validity - operationism – a view that scientific concepts must be defined in terms of observable operations - operational definition – a statement of the precise meaning of a procedure or concept within an experiment - converging operations – using different operational definitions to arrive at the meaning of a concept - paradigm – a set of laws, theories, methods, and applications that form a scientific research tradition’ for example, Pavlovian conditioning Chapter 5 - variable – aspect of a testing condition that can change or take on different
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Research Methods Study Guide Exam 1 - Research Methods...

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