Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review

Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review - Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review...

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Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review - goodness-of-fit – the idea that behavior is problematic or not problematic depending on the environment in which it occurs - culture – shared behavioral patterns and lifestyle that differentiate one group of people from another - culture-bound illness – abnormal behaviors that are specific to a particular location or group - age is another important factor that must be taken into account when considering behavioral abnormality - eccentricity – behavior violates cultural norms, but it is often labeled eccentric rather than abnormal - most people with psychological disorders to not engage in dangerous behavior - distress and dysfunction can lead to abnormal behavior - abnormal behavior – behavior that is inconsistent with the individuals developmental, cultural, and societal norms, creates emotional distress, or interferes with daily functioning - DSM – diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders o Uses a categorical approach - Anxiety and alcohol dependence most commonly reported in US - Psychological disorders occur most frequently among those with the lowest incomes and the least amount of education - Downward drift – impairment results from psychological disorder – results in job loss, limited educational achievement - Lower SES less likely to overcome or recover from their disorder, but psychological disorders developed at same rate - Developmental trajectory – the idea that common symptoms of a disorder may vary depending on a persons age - Different disorders at different ages - Trephination – process whereby a circular instrument was used to cut away sections of the skull, possibly in an attempt to release demons from the brain - Humors – fluids in the body (ancient greek/roman)
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- Hippocrates o Identified hallucinations, delusions, melancholia, mania, hysteria (now called conversion disorder – blindness or paralysis for no apparent biological reason) - Galen attributed hysteria to a psychological cause - Mass hysteria – a situations in which a group of people share and sometimes even act upon a belief that is not based in fact (tarantism – bite of a spider, lycanthropy – possessed by wolves) - Emotional contagion – the automatic mimicry and synchronization of expressions, vocalizations, postures, and movements of one person by another - Weyer was the first physician to specialize in the treatments of mental illness - Paracelus refuted the idea that abnormal behavior was liknked to demonic possession - Pinel and Tuke – turning point for the medical treatment of the mentally ill o Pinel removed chains from patients - Moral treatment in the US – Ben Rush and Dorthea Dix - Animal magnetism – a force that Mesmer believed flowed withint the body and, when impeded, resulted in disease- Mesmer - Placebo effect - Physical disease (syphilis) can cause mental illness - Etiology – cause - Prognosis – progression and outcome - Dementia praecox – Kraeplin’s name for a psychological disorder characterized
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Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review - Abnormal Psych Exam 1 review...

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