CHAPTER 8 - CHAPTER 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUE 1:...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUE 1: WHERE ARE STATES LOCATED?-PROBLEMS OF DEF I N I NG STATES: Antarctica is the largest landmass that isnt part of a state States like argentina, Australia, chile, france, new Zealand, Norway, and the united kingdom claim portions of Antarctica Treaty of Antarctica manages it-states can establish research stations for scientific investigations but cannot have any military activity there Korea, china and the western sahara test the definition of a state-KOREA: ONE STATE OR TWO? A colony of japan for years, korea was divided into two occupation zones by the US and former soviet union after they defeated japan in WWII North and south along 38 degrees north latitude Division became permanent in the late 1940s when they established separate governments and withdrew their armies The new gov. of the democratic peoples republic of korea (north korea) invaded the republic of korea (south korea) in 1950, starting a 3 yr war that ended with a cease fire line near the 38 th parallel Both govs commited to reuniting the country into 1 sovereign state-CHINA AND TAIWAN: ONE STATE OR TWO? According to chinas gov. Taiwan is not a separate sovereign state but a part of china Until 1999 the gov. of Taiwan agreed Arose from a civil war between nationalists and communists in china during the late 1940s After losing, nationalist leaders in 1949 fled to the island of Taiwan, 200 kilometers off the Chinese coast Nationalists proclaimed they were still legit rulers of china They thought that until later when they could recapture china they would just rule over the island Most other govs consider Mainland China (Peoples Republic of China) and Taiwan (Republic of China) as 2 separate and sovereign states-WESTER SAHARA (SAHRAWI REPUBLIC) Morocco claims the territory and has built a 3,000 km wall around it to keep out rebels Spain controlled the territory until 1976 The region was declared independent by the polisario front and that was recongnized by most African countries but morocco and Mauritania annexed the northern and southern parts 3 years later, Mauritania withdrew and morocco claimed the entire territory Morocco controls most of the populated area but the polisario front operates in most of the sparsely inhabited desert especially the 1/5 that lies east of the Moroccan wall Morocco and the polisario front signed a cease-fire in 1991 which is supervised by UN peace keeping forces Varying Size of States: Largest state is Russia-17.1 million square kilometers or 11% of the entire area of the world China, Canada, US, brazil and Australia are next with more than 5 million square kilometers each Monaco, smallest microstate in the UN only 1.5 square kilometers Other states smaller than 1,000 square kilometers are Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Barbados, dominica, grenada etc....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2011 for the course APHUG 102 taught by Professor Cray during the Spring '11 term at Highlands GA.

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CHAPTER 8 - CHAPTER 8: Political Geography KEY ISSUE 1:...

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