Leisure services management chapter 05

Leisure services management chapter 05 - chapter 5...

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chapter 5 Organizational Structure
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Key Words Public sector: Organizations formed through legislation at the municipal, state/provincial, and federal levels dedicated to providing services to citizens at these levels. Municipal organizations: Administrative entities at the local level, such as a city, county, or town governed by a mayor, city manager, or council. Nonprofit sector: Term used for a sector with nongovernmental and noncommercial organizations that are formally constituted for the public benefit. Sometimes called the “third sector,” in reference to the public sector and the private sector.
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Key Words Voluntary sector: Alternative term for a sector with nongovernmental and noncommercial organizations that are formally constituted for the public benefit. Commercial sector: Sector with legally recognized businesses established for the purpose of generating a profit. Also known as private sector. Unlimited liability: When business owners are personally responsible for any debt or legal problems within the business and may lose an unlimited amount of money. Limited liability: A form of business in which business owners are only responsible for debts up to the amount of their investment.
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Key Words Corporation: For-profit business that has been established as a separate legal and taxed entity from its owners (shareholders). Shareholders: Individuals or companies who own shares in a company and are considered an owner of that company. Organizational structure: Process by which managers arrange and coordinate positions within an agency. Organizational design: The means of arranging and incorporating organizational structure, which is typically depicted in the form of an organizational chart.
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Key Words Simple structure: Organizational design that is flat, or has few levels of authority. In simple structures, most people answer to the same supervisor. Unity of command: When employees have only one identifiable supervisor. Organizational culture: Shared norms, values, and expectations that bind employees together and distinguish an agency from others. Boards: Governing bodies within organizations that can have authority ranging from setting policies to advising management. Self-perpetuating board: System where current board members elect new board members.
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Key Words Quorum: Minimum number of board members needed to conduct official board business. Closed sessions: Board meetings that are not open for the public to attend. Closed sessions occur because of such things as personnel, litigation, or collective bargaining. Organizational climate: A set of properties of the work environment, perceived directly or indirectly by employees, that is assumed to be a major force in influencing employee behavior.
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Introduction Leisure services organizations can be found in three sectors, each with unique governance, financial resources and organizational characteristics. These sectors are:
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Leisure services management chapter 05 - chapter 5...

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