Celtic Culture Course notes

Celtic Culture Course notes - ConquestofIreland 16:11...

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Conquest of Ireland 16:11 January 12, 2011 Ireland Tudor conquest of Ireland     Law of the land will be English End to Irish law Language will be English English will reach to every corner of nations Munster and Ulster rebelled against feudal lords Dealt with ( o Munster savagely o Fitzgerald--Leinster  feudal lords o Favourites and appointed by English crown as administrators in Ireland— used for own advantage Earls of Desmond—scorched earth used as warfare Bring in unfortunate aspects of early modern warfare—civilian population  harmed, harvests etc.  Northern Lords (Ui Neill) went into rebellion early 1590s Queen Elizabeth getting old Looked like it would succeed Irish issues becoming European issues Right to autonomy, right to practice religion o Associates nationalism and Catholicism (accident)
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o Just like how reformation didn’t stick in Ireland (monasteries not rich and  weren’t purged) King Elizabeth died and James 1 son of Mary Queen of Scotts of England  (James VI of Scotland) also king of Ireland Protestant not Catholic Managed to keep crown of Scotland even when in England.  James going to England marked change in Scotland Marked royal patronage, wealth etc, down to London Not a good move for Scotland Irish welcomed accession of James  presented him with Gaelic genealogy  and looked for great things from him.  Northern Earls went into exile, and estates parceled out—new attitude towards  plantation—would never work if Irish people working it. Preferred Scottish  tenants. Lots of Presbyterian Scots came and worked in Ulster  Exiled Lords took poets and clerics with them  took service under the Spanish  crown and functioned as guards along coasts of Spanish lands.  Associated with Spanish tyranny PATTERN SET Continuing exodus from families in Ireland to Spain o Spaniards ennoble them   Order of Saint James 1641—northern protestant history= very dark (reason to fear Catholics) concerted (organized) massacre of the new settlers (Catholics against  protestants) CIVIL WAR Charles I unable to get funds from parliament (raise taxes) to help the North  of Ireland.  War between Charles and parliament takes fronts in England, Ireland and  Scotland.  Parliamentary armies under Oliver Cromwell defeated Charles o Traitor to the State o Executed
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o Kings always considered as Sacred Persons deriving power form God and  killing of King is blasphemous (from royalist side)  o Breaking of old Kingdoms and old methods of government Radical Protestantism = idea of covenant Model for civil society—those who are governed must agree to be 
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course SMC 240 taught by Professor Dooley during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Celtic Culture Course notes - ConquestofIreland 16:11...

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