Lecture 7 Westminster Democracy

Lecture 7 Westminster Democracy - Lecture 7 Westminster...

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Lecture 7 Westminster Democracy (e.g. Canada, New Zealand, Australia) A. What is Westminster Area of London Westminster: Borough, Palace of Westminster is parliamentary building Whitehall: Major street with lost of government buildings Downing Street: Side street with prime minister’s residence (No. 10) Institutions House of Commons Cabinet Political Parties: Labour and Conservatives [insert a photo of Westminster] B. Why is Westminster so powerful? No federalism No judicial review Week upper house SMD (“first-past-the-post”) elections Centralized cabinet Centralized House of Commons Strong parties, majority rule C. The House of Lords 740 Members Life Peers Hereditary Peers (all but 92 expelled in 1999) Law Lords (Judges) Lords Spiritual (Bishops) Functions Scrutiny Public Debate Expertise But the Commons can ignore the Lords (no influence on financial bills) D. The House of Commons
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Lecture 7 Westminster Democracy - Lecture 7 Westminster...

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