Lecture 11

Lecture 11 - Lecture 11 Lenin to Gorbachev: The Age of...

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Lecture 11 Lenin to Gorbachev: The Age of Soviet Communism A. Lenin’s Death and the Transition to Stalinism (1924 – 29) The problem of succession No fixed procedure Awesome leadership power Outgoing leader’s wishes thwarted Generational successions: 1953, 1985 1924: Pillars of the regime Peasants (Bukharin) Party (Stalin) Army (Trotsky) B. Stalin (1924 – 53) and His Legacy Socialism in one country The Great Patriotic War 1941 – 45 Nationalism and patriotism Industrialization and Collectivization The Planned Economy (5-year plans) Party dominance The Great Terror The GULAG—labour / concentration camps The KGB—the secret police Purges of the party and the army, 1936 – 38 C. The Bolshevik Revolution and Terror Abolition of private property and scientific socialism mean that there is no objective basis for political disagreement Therefore, no need for political contestation or free speech Dissent is error or counter-revolutionary, dealt with thorugh re-education
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Lecture 11 - Lecture 11 Lenin to Gorbachev: The Age of...

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