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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 14 I ntroduction to Africa A. Africa 2nd b iggest continent (20% of world land area) Population: 1 billion (15% of world) 53 states (25%+) L imited government capacity Failed states: Somalia, Chad, Sierra Leone L imited human capital B. Economy Large regional differences in natural resources , living conditions Subsistence agriculture Mono-crop agriculture for export Mining, commodity exports L imited industry, technology, few advanced services Dependent on world export markets C. Mul ti-national states The most ethnically diverse continent National borders do not coincide with ethnic divisions Borders chosen by colonial powers at Berlin Conference, 1884 Three main regions North Africa (close ties to Europe, Middle East) Sub-Saharan Africa (predominantly indigenous) Southern Africa (significant European/Asian population) Political cleavages Race (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda) Ethnicity / t r ibe (Nigeria, Rwanda) Religion (Nigeria, Sudan, Ivory Coast) ...
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- Winter '11