Lecture 16

Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 A. Nigerias Political challenges...

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Lecture 16 A. Nigeria’s Political challenges Political cleavages Regional: North cs. Southeast vs. Southwest Religious: 50% Muslim, 40% Christian 10,000 deaths from religious violence 1999-2003
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Urban-Rural: rapid urbanizationThe challenge of Urbanization: Lagos Obasanjo decided to return power to the public but fear too much power for any political group, choose US-style for more checks and balances, more decentralization of power over spending but the oil revenue declining since 1980 Abacha suddenly dies in 1998 due to heart attack , rural poverty Prevention “tribalism” Preventing rent-seeking and corruption Establishment democracy and the rule of law Recognition of opposition, media, freedom of speech Fair election Religious freedom, Sharia law Generating political stability B. Political instability Coups: 80 successful coups and 108 failed coup attempts in Africa from 1956 to 2002 30 out of 48 (63%) countries have experienced at least one coup since independence Nigerian has had seven coups Civil wars: 24 countries (close to 50%) have experienced a civil war Major civil wars: Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Angola, Mozambique, Liberia, Serra Leone, DRC Causes of instability: weak states, ethnic rivalries, competition for resources
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C. Nigerian political history 1960 – present
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course POLI 11 taught by Professor Strom during the Winter '11 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 16 - Lecture 16 A. Nigerias Political challenges...

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