Lecture 17

Lecture 17 - Lecture 17 A The t rouble with Nigeria Ranks 159 out of 177 countries in U.N Human Development I ndex Rapid increase in poverty since

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Lecture 17 A. The trouble with Nigeria Ranks 159 out of 177 countries in U.N. Human Development Index Rapid increase in poverty since 1980 Poverty rate: from 30% (1970s) to about 70% (2000s) Home to one-fourth of Sub-Saharan Africa’s poor One of the highest rates of coups d’état in Africa Military rule 60% of time since independence Satisfaction with government lower than any other African country except Zimbabwe One of the most corrupt countries in the world (TI 2006: ranks 146 of 163 counties, scores of 2.2 on scale 1- 10) B. Causes: Negative political legacies of colonialism Unnatural boundaries (problems of national identity) Paternalistic state (unaccountable and disrespectful of citizens) Lack of professional civil servants (less serious in Nigeria than elsewhere) Interventionism in economic affairs (economic inefficiency) Imported institutions (lack of fit, legitimacy) C. What is missing: Favourable conditions for democratization (Samuel Huntington) 1. Autocracy lacks popular support Long-term leader dies; succession crisis (Spain)
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course POLI 11 taught by Professor Strom during the Winter '11 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 17 - Lecture 17 A The t rouble with Nigeria Ranks 159 out of 177 countries in U.N Human Development I ndex Rapid increase in poverty since

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