16 The European Union (Feb 28)

16 The European Union (Feb 28) - THE EUROPEAN UNION Levels...

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THE EUROPEAN UNION Levels of economic integration a.Free trade area (NAFTA, EFTA) b.Customs union (Treaty of Rome, EEC) c. Integrated common market (SEA: EC) d.Economic union (Maastricht: EU—but not full union) Types of political integration Policy coordination, alliance, hegemonic coordination, empire, confederation, federation, single state EU: “pooling of sovereignty” based on “subsidiarity” 3 pillars: Economic/social Political/legal Security/foreign policy
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Development of EU: Overview 1. ECSC (1951): Shared market in coal and steel. Govd by High Authority (supranational) with independent power to administer. Included FR, FRG, IT, BENELUX 2. Treaty of Rome (1958): Establishes European Economic Community. Customs union. Members at this point: FR, FRG, IT, BENELUX --Policy bargain --Intergovernmental, with some supranatl bodies (commission, court) --“Customs union” bet. FR agric, FRG industry --Limited policy coordination (CAP most developed) --Reduce tariff barriers, reciprocity with EFTA, silent re non-tariff barriers
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--Tolerate national intervention, industrial policy, restrictions on factor mobility --US MNC’s could “jump” external barriers 3. Gradual enlargement (2007: 27 states) 4. 1986: Single European Act: more below 6. 1992: Maastricht: More below 7.2001: Nice: Reweighting of voting, in preparation for enlargemt (new reweighting in 2007 at Lisbon) --2003: Convention to draw up European Constitution (dies in referenda, partly resuscitated in 2007 as “treaty” of Lisbon: new weighting of votes, double majority system) --2004-7: Enlargement, round I and II
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EU: INSTITUTIONS 1.Council
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course POLI 126AA taught by Professor Ellencomisso during the Spring '11 term at UCSD.

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16 The European Union (Feb 28) - THE EUROPEAN UNION Levels...

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