Property II Outline - Property II Outline Rothstein Spring...

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Property II Outline Rothstein Spring 2008 Rights of Neighbors ............................................................................................................................................. 2 1.Nuisance (Assignment 28) ........................................................................................................................... 2 4.Government Power to Take Property: Eminent Domain & Public Use Requirement (Assignment 29) ..... 4 Rights of Government & Public .......................................................................................................................... 6 1.Overview of Takings: Physical Takings, Regulatory Takings, and Developmental Exactions (Assignment 30-31) ............................................................................................................................................................... 6 10.Types of Takings (Assignment 30-31) ....................................................................................................... 7 11.Constitutional and Statutory Limits On Regulations (Assignment 36-37) ................................................ 9 9.Discouraging Development (Assignment 35) ............................................................................................ 15 Easements .......................................................................................................................................................... 16 1.Overview of Easements ............................................................................................................................. 16 4.Express Easements ...................................................................................................................................... 18 6.Non Express Easements ............................................................................................................................. 23 Covenants Running with the Land (Promissory Servitudes) ............................................................................. 27 1.Creation and Validity of Covenants ............................................................................................................ 27 5.Enforcement of Covenants .......................................................................................................................... 30 3.The Running Requirements for Enforcement of Covenant: Common Law & Modern Law ..................... 31 6.Defenses to Enforcement of Covenant ...................................................................................................... 36 7.Common Interests ...................................................................................................................................... 37 1
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Rights of Neighbors 1. Nuisance (Assignment 28) B. G ENERALLY : P UBLIC AND P RIVATE N UISANCE 1. What is a nuisance? a) Nonphysical Invasion interference with use and enjoyment (i) Caveat – gases, odors, dust particles, chemical, noise waves are technically physical invasions but are treated as nuisance . Same may extend to rodents, vermin, cats, termites and vibration. b) General Definition Non-physical an invasion by an unreasonable activity that substantially interferes with use and enjoyment of land c) Reasonableness Factors: (i) Is activity customary? (ii) Can it be carried on with less disturbance? (iii) Value to party engaging in activity (iv)Value to society (v) When activity was begun (coming to the nuisance) (vi)When activity occurs – time of day (children playing, construction sounds) (vii) Is it permitted by zoning or other land regulation? d) Substantial Factors: (i) Financial loss to complaining party (ii) Physical Damages to complaining party’s land (iii) Persons suffering physical harm or mental anguish (iv)Cost or difficult of complaining party to remedy (v) Duration of harm (how long does it go on?) (vi)Measured from perspective of ordinary person with ordinary sensibilities Example funeral parlor; cemetery; aesthetic considerations alone is not enough Encompasses: If the π is personally injured, or his property is physically damage, the interference will always be substantial. If it is merely an inconvenience or subject to unpleasant smells, this will be substantial damage only if a person in the community of normal sensitivity would be seriously bothered. e) What defines whether use of land is unreasonable? (i) Mixed question of fact and law (ii) Certain activities are by law a nuisance – by statute or common law Varies by jurisdiction porn seller in certain neighborhoods, manufacturing plants, etc. f) A nuisance may be merely a right thing in the wrong place – like a pig in the parlor instead of the barnyard.” 1926 Justice Sutherland 2. Distinction Between Private and Public Nuisance a) Public Nuisance unreasonable interference with right common to the general public – including activities harming health, safety, morals or comfort of the public (i)
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