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Trauma Analysis - Trauma Analysis Antemortem...

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Trauma Analysis Antemortem fractures (alive) – Healing Perimortem fractures (death) – Green stick Postmortem fractures (after death) – Staining Trauma – Serious shock or injury to the body form violence or accident Blunt force trauma – “non penetrating” injuries resulting from an impact with a dull, firm surface or object o Characterized by discontinuities and fracture lines Types of fractures : o Comminuted – Massive break, multiple fragments, hard to heal o Greenstick – bent a little o Hairline fracture/incomplete – hard to see on xray, could become worse
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o Oblique – not a straight break o Spiral – bone is torqued o Simple/ transverse – easy to fix o Impacted – head goes down into bone, can get bone necrosis o Compression – found in vertebrae, seen in elderly and athletes, no good way to treat it Implement (cause) of blunt force trauma sometimes difficult to tell o Baseball bat o Rock o Metal Objects o Parts of cars in automobile crash o Glass Bottle Fractures usually emanate from point of impact – this is nice o Exceptions: Ribs Compression – point of tension Fractures take path of least resistance o Diastatic fractures
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