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Skeleton-2 - The Skeleton March 31st April 5th 6th 2011...

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The Skeleton March 31 st & April 5 th & 6 th , 2011 Readings and Information Chapters 7 & 8: The Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Watch the following video about an IVD repair: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvQPZxXr3Rs Questions from your text that are useful to ponder: Before you go on (chpt 7): 1,3-5,6,9,12,15,17,18 Think about it (chpt 7): pp 193,197,204,207 Testing your recall (chpt 7): 1-5,7-13,15-20 True/false (chpt 7): 2-4,6,7,9,10 Testing your comprehension (chpt 7): 3,5 Before you go on (chpt 8): 7-10 Think about it (chpt 8): none Testing your recall (chpt 8): 1,4,6,9,10,12,16,17 True/false (chtp 8): 3,5,8,10 Testing your comprehension (chpt 8): 3 Read before coming to class  Be able to identify the bones labeled in Fig 7.1 on a diagram, on yourself and a radiographic image – look at the “bone list” below and be familiar with what you need to know about each bone. Outline the axial and appendicular divisions of the skeleton (pg 176, Fig 7.1). Know which bones are axial and which are appendicular. Is the scapula axial or appendicular? How about the sacrum? The ischium? Be familiar with the list of bone surface features or markings on Table 7.2 - don’t memorize it - we’ll learn a few specific ones during the course. Also read “anatomical features of bone” on page 176. For example, knowing that a foramen is a passage, helps you figure out that the foramen magnum is a “big passage”. A facet or head, is an articulation where two bones form a joint. If you are going into the health care field, knowing these surface features is extremely helpful. Reading & Lecture Outline Understand that bones are living tissues that remodel based on stresses it is subjected to. Bone markings, such as extensions and projections (pg 176, Table 7.2), are the result of stresses placed on bone – can you name a few bone stressors (lecture)? Bone spurs or osteophytes are a result of stresses on bone. When reading about the different bones in the text, read for general information, but focus on the objectives below and what is on the “Bone List”. Look at the diagrams in the text and lecture slides.
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Name and identify the major bones of the skull (pg 179-80, see “bone list” & Figs 7.3-7.6). Be able to identify the skull bones on a diagram, X-ray or yourself from all views (anterior, lateral, medial section, inferior & superior view of cranial floor). Read lightly pages 180-192 – focus on diagrams.
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