Readings and Information
The Axial and Appendicular Skeleton
Watch the following video about an IVD repair:
Questions from your text that are useful to ponder:
Before you go on (chpt 7): 1,3-5,6,9,12,15,17,18
Think about it (chpt 7): pp 193,197,204,207
Testing your recall (chpt 7): 1-5,7-13,15-20
True/false (chpt 7): 2-4,6,7,9,10
Testing your comprehension (chpt 7): 3,5
Before you go on (chpt 8): 7-10
Think about it (chpt 8): none
Testing your recall (chpt 8): 1,4,6,9,10,12,16,17
True/false (chtp 8): 3,5,8,10
Testing your comprehension (chpt 8): 3
Read before coming to class
Be able to identify the bones labeled in Fig 7.1 on a diagram, on yourself and a radiographic image –
look at the “bone list” below and be familiar with what you need to know about each bone.
Outline the axial and appendicular divisions of the skeleton (pg 176, Fig 7.1).
Know which bones are
axial and which are appendicular.
Is the scapula axial or appendicular?
How about the sacrum?
Be familiar with the list of bone surface features or markings on Table 7.2 - don’t memorize it - we’ll
learn a few specific ones during the course.
Also read “anatomical features of bone” on page 176.
For example, knowing that a foramen is a passage, helps you figure out that the foramen magnum is
a “big passage”.
A facet or head, is an articulation where two bones form a joint.
If you are going
into the health care field, knowing these surface features is extremely helpful.
Understand that bones are living tissues that remodel based on stresses it is subjected to.
markings, such as extensions and projections (pg 176, Table 7.2), are the result of stresses placed on
bone – can you name a few bone stressors (lecture)?
Bone spurs or osteophytes are a result of stresses
When reading about the different bones in the text, read for general information, but focus on the
objectives below and what is on the “Bone List”.
Look at the diagrams in the text and lecture slides.