4 - Friday,
November
27th,
2009
...

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Unformatted text preview: Friday,
November
27th,
2009
 WHO
OWNS
THE
PAST?
 Kennewick
Man

 COMING
UP…
 •  NEXT
WEEK:
 – Essays
are
due!
 – Final
tutorial
quiz!
 Who
owns
the
past?
 •  NAGPRA
in
the
United
States
–
1990
 •  No
unified
legislaWon
in
Canada
 •  InsWtuWons
and
aboriginal
communiWes
 negoWate
privately
 •  There
is
some
provincial
legislaWon
that
exists.
 ‐July
1996
 ‐along
the
banks
of
the
Columbia
River,
 Kennewick,
Washington
 James
Cha^ers,
PaleoscienWst
and
 forensic
anthropologist
 •  ProjecWng
nose
 •  Narrow
face
 •  ProjecWon
between
eyes
and
upper
lip
 •  Delicate
lower
jaw
 •  Long,
narrow
cranium
 •  Absence
of
flaring
cheekbones
 BUT…
 •  Chipped
stone
point
embedded
in
the

 
pelvis
 •  Radiocarbon
daWng
places
this
individual

 
at
over
9000
years
old!

This
date
was

 
confirmed
by
geological
studies.
 •  Unsuccessful
a^empts
at
DNA
analysis.

 The
key
players…
 •  •  •  •  •  NAGPRA
 The
Army
Corps
of
Engineers
 The
Confederated
Tribes
of
the
UmaWlla
 ScienWsts
and
Archaeologists
 James
Cha^ers
 Who
WAS
the
Kennewick
Man?
 •  •  •  •  •  Male
in
his
40s
 Diet
composed
mainly
of
fish
 Several
blows
to
his
head
as
an
adult
 Injured
ribs,
lee
shoulder
and
elbow
 Likely
had
chronic
pain
from
spearpoint
 embedded
in
his
hip
 The
Controversy…
 •  Language
of
race
 •  What
does
it
mean
for
the
NaWve
Americans
 that
this
skeleton
is
being
described
in
the
 ways
that
it
is?
 WHO
OWNS
THE
PAST?
 •  NaWve
Americans:

This
skeleton
belongs
to
one
 of
our
ancestors,
and
we
want
to
bury
him.
 •  Archaeologists:

This
is
a
significant
find
and
we
 should
study
the
Kennewick
man
thoroughly
 •  White
Supremacists:
Now
we
have
proof
that
 White
people
were
in
the
Americas
long
before
 anyone
else
–
so
we
can
put
an
end
to
NaWve
 American
land
claims
 Archaeological
Ethics
 •  How
do
the
narraWves
constructed
by
 archaeologists
get
appropriated
and
used
in
 ways
beyond
our
control?
 •  What
ethical
principles
guide
our
work
as
 archaeologists?
 Eight
Ethical
Principles
of
the
Society
 for
American
Archaeology
(SAA)
 •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Stewardship
 Accountability
 CommercializaWon
 Public
EducaWon
and
Outreach
 Intellectual
Property
 Public
ReporWng
and
PublicaWon
 Records
and
PreservaWon
 Training
and
Resources
 ...
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