Apollonian and Dionysian

Apollonian and Dionysian - The Apollonian and the Dionysian...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/11 The Apollonian and the Dionysian in Greek Apollo Apollo is associated with the sun. He is the god of reason and enlightenment, truth, and medicine and healing. He is also the god of that part of the artistic process that works according to rule and deliberate method, such as poetry and, especially, musical composition. (Musical composition for the ancient Greek was actually a mathematical discipline related to geometry.) Roman name: Apollo Dionysus Dionysus is the god of wine. He is associated with drunkenness and intoxication, but also with states of ritual madness and religious ecstasy. He is the god of improvised, spontaneous music and of wild, uncultivated vegetation. His companions are satyrs (half- man, half-goat, usually drunk and horny) and maenads (frenzied female followers). Roman name: Bacchus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/11 700s and 600s BCE: Cults (groups with a religious focus on one particular god) take on increasingly large roles in Greek religious and cultural life. Two of the biggest are the cults dedicated to Apollo and Dionysus. The next two slides discuss those cults. The remainder of the slides discuss the role these two cults play in shaping the Greek worldview and how that worldview can be seen at work in Greek art and literature.
Background image of page 2
Click to edit Master subtitle style 4/19/11 The Cult of Apollo The worship of Apollo primarily took place at the temple in his honor in the city-state of Delphi. It was particularly important for having an oracle at the site. The oracle was a place where the god Apollo delivered prophetic messages through a sibyl , which is a priestess who channels messages from the gods. People came to the Temple of Apollo at Delphi from all over the world to hear prophecy from the sibyl. A second important activity held at the temple was the athletic games held there periodically in Apollo’s honor. These games included chariot races, foot races, and other contests. Musical competitions were also part of the celebration. Winners received a crown of leaves from a laurel tree. The temple bore two inscriptions over its front doors: Know Thyself Nothing in Excess These mottos represent the essence of the Apollonian philosophy: self-awareness and balance. To the Greeks, Apollo represented reason and rational thought and behavior. These things require mastery over the body and its emotions and instincts, and that requires self-awareness on many levels. Athleticism was celebrated because the athletic body is controlled and disciplined. Followers of Apollo sought to live their lives according to intellect and reason, and to
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 11

Apollonian and Dionysian - The Apollonian and the Dionysian...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online