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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 2/16/2011 Week 7: The Trojan Cycle Odysseus in Athens: the Philoctetes Odysseus as an intellectual Different person in two plays o Has to do with anxiety Classical around onset of Persian wars o Athens became most important city in Grece o Enormous military force o War between Athens and Sparta Athens only loses because it overextends itself (tried to conquer too much extra territory) o Around 450-400 BC, Athens had an empire that covered most of the Agean Sea o Covered trade routes between Greece and Asia, Crete, and Egypt (under control of Athens makes city very wealthy) o City experienced humanities painting, sculpture, philosophy, literature Consequences studying literature of fifth century most is Athenian (exception in Pendou) particularly true of drama Athenians set up major city festivals where dramas were performed o Theater of Dionysus (built into side of hill) where these plays were performed Performances organized as competitions 3 playwrites were chosen about 12 plays performed over 4 or 5 days People were chosen to win, we have records of who won 6 playwrites had the opportunity to have their works performed in Athens Plays were not re-performed; for 5 th cent. BC there were 1800 plays (only 33 have survived) o Most successful playwrights (Athenian playwritghts)...
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