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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 3/7/2011 Ancient Critiques of Myth • Ferdinand de Sussure (1857-1913) o Words may mean things by contrasting with other words – contrast creates meaning o Behind any individual utterance is an abstract system of language which is realized in such utterance • Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2005) – “structuralism” o Myths function and are structured like the utterances (instances) of languages (like playing chess games or rules of chess – structure) • See Freud’s interpretation of myth Oedipus • Can discern a system of elements from myth o Relationships are constant – governed by structure • Theban cycle according to Levi Strauss (online) o Serpent – monster from earth, closely related to earth Creatures associated with earth are hostile to human life Human beings do not originate from the earth – against authoxtony o Strauss then contradicts himself in last column, saying humans do originate from earth A person that has grown up like a plant has trouble walking (first generation – Laius – left...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2011 for the course CLASSICS 40 taught by Professor Erickson during the Winter '07 term at UCSB.
- Winter '07