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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 3/7/2011 Ancient Critiques of Myth Ferdinand de Sussure (1857-1913) o Words may mean things by contrasting with other words contrast creates meaning o Behind any individual utterance is an abstract system of language which is realized in such utterance Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2005) structuralism o Myths function and are structured like the utterances (instances) of languages (like playing chess games or rules of chess structure) See Freuds interpretation of myth Oedipus Can discern a system of elements from myth o Relationships are constant governed by structure Theban cycle according to Levi Strauss (online) o Serpent monster from earth, closely related to earth Creatures associated with earth are hostile to human life Human beings do not originate from the earth against authoxtony o Strauss then contradicts himself in last column, saying humans do originate from earth A person that has grown up like a plant has trouble walking (first generation Laius left...
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- Winter '07