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Historynotes10 - The Medieval Japan(AD 1185-1600 The Rise...

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The Medieval Japan (AD 1185-1600) The Rise of the Warrior Class o Samurai “they who serve” Serve master all the way to death – never serve two masters A samurai without a master is not real No problem with killing people o No Buddhist aversion to killing – unlike Heian Japan Shot dogs for target practice o Does not replace imperial system Need emperor for legitimacy o New “layer” of authority Shoguns is new layer, then have regents of their own, so four layers Retired emperors are five layers o The warrior ethos Ethics and values – code of chivalry in which you only fight who your lord tells you to fight You only fight people of equal or higher status Fight one-on-one Only fight for reward (i.e. castle) Lord must watch as well – cut off heads – rewards based on this Ritual suicide – avoid shame The Kamakura Period (AD 1185-1333) o Named after place near Tokyo o Gempei War (1180-1185) Minamoto no Yoshitsune (1159-1189) – confront Taira Greatest warrior Brother of Kamakura founder of Yoritomo Fought major battles for Minamoto o Battle of Dannoura (1185) – last battle o Destroyed what was left of Taira innaval battle o Emperor and royal regailia died Betrayed, committed suicide o Brother was jealous o Many people didn’t believe he had died o Some believe he became Genghis Khan Becomes legendary figure o The Kamakura Bakufu Minamoto no Yoritomo Seii taishogun – great general who suppresses barbarians (1192) Received certain powers – appointing another layer of authority o Stewards onto estates to get more money and military protectors Military protectors took power away from civil governors (and thus emperor) o The Hojo Regents – wife’s family Although her son was technically shogun, her father would actually rule Young men ruled by their uncles Joei code, 1232 Another layer of law over Chinese codes, but shogun is still most powerful
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Historynotes10 - The Medieval Japan(AD 1185-1600 The Rise...

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