HistoryNotes14

HistoryNotes14 - Buddhism in India and East Asia The Life...

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Buddhism in India and East Asia The Life of the Buddha o Born around 566 BC in Kapilavastu (Nepal) as Prince Siddhartha o Previous lives But was not same person who led these lives o Divine conception Mother dreamt that an elephant entered womb – Buddha born through side o Member of Sakya tribe, Gautama clan o Sakyamuni o Married at 16 and had son o Realization of old age, sickness, and death Sees old person, sick person, and then dead person – realized “truth” of life Wanted to escape and leaves sheltered home o Left home at 29 (537 BC) o Became an ascetic for six years Wondered – deprived himself of food and sleep to meditate – became beggar Perceived higher realms of concousness but could find nothing o Enlightenment under Bodhi Tree, 531 BC Wanted to save other people o Taugh for 45 years throughout middle Ganges area o Died (final nirvana) in Kushinagari in 486 BC o Cremated remains put in stupas (throughout India and Central Asia) The Teachings of the Buddha o Shared Indian Philosophical Foundation Cycle of rebirths (samsara) Reincarnation This goes on forever Triple world Reborn in Hell, in World, or in Heaven Even being born as deity was not permanent Action of Karma Deeds performed in this life have repercussions that determine rebirth o New Teachings in Four Noble Truths Everything is suffering Even joy is suffering because it does not last forever The origin of suffering is desire Passion causes action, action causes rebirth There exists a nirvana, an end to suffering “Blowing out of flame of existence” Not a place or state of mind – no place and no state of mind An eightfold path leads to nirvana Way that leads to nirvana Involves having right views, speech, effort, concentration, etc. Has to do with things that one needs to perform Could not kill people or animals No sexual relations – could not have possessions – beg for food Wipe out all desires Could only achieve this alone Theory of “no soul” No enduring soul born from life to life – you are five aggregates The Five Aggregates
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Psycho-physical elements that are bundled together Carried along with you – at moment of death, they recombine to make a new you, but no permanent person brought from life to life Dependant Origination Misconceptions at moment of death lead to more life The idea that you have a soul leads to be reborn Buddhist goal is not to be born again
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HistoryNotes14 - Buddhism in India and East Asia The Life...

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