WMST Study Guide

WMST Study Guide -...

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WMST 2020: The Social Construction of Femininities and Masculinities  (Spring 2010) Emmanuel David and Dawn Stanley Exam One Review Overall Considerations How is gender an historical product?  Why is studying gender important?  What are the assumptions of the essentialist perspective? space) Ahistorical, not historically specific Presocial (emerged from biology) Social reflects the natural (determined by reproduction)  for  success of species Tasks we engage in are required to live Categories we use exist in nature and are ABSOLUTE Mutually exclusive (no overlap, categories are separate and distinct) Behaviors/identities/expressions reflective of underlying “drive” prior to social  influence and rooted in body What are the assumptions of the social constructionist perspective? Sex, gender, and sexuality specific to time and space Comparative and historical Vary from place to place and over time Categories exist in LANGUAGE, not nature  Continuous variation Language reflects systems of power Language and imagery help create and maintain a specific view of what is  NATURAL (two exclusive types of gender: male/female) Sex, gender, sexuality exist only through social interaction When/where are essentialist claims and arguments used or challenged? August Comte: “Father” of Modern Sociology 1. Diammetrical opposition between NATURE of women and NATURE of men 2. Opposition radically separates women/men in society (public/private  realms). Women/men locked into mutually exclusive  roles/duties/obligations as well as privileges/ responsibilities 3. Laws of Nature is reason we have differences -In accordance with laws, males are superior in all kinds of forces  (intellectually, practically, physically) -Reason/emotion: power should belong to those who are strong enough  (physical strength) -Men should govern women -Women’s life: domestic sphere -Men’s life: public sphere Talcott Parsons (1950s post-war climate) WMST 2020 EXAM 1 REVIEW 1
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-Functional perspective (social evolutionism) -Family unit= basic social unit (reform family to reform society)  DOMINO THEORY -Change is disruptive, also a stabilizing force -When women entered “forbidden areas” (public realm) it led to a collapse  in social world, when men came home, women expected to go back to  domestic sphere When/where are constructionist claims and arguments used or challenged?
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course WMST 2020 taught by Professor Raska,jaclyn during the Spring '09 term at Colorado.

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WMST Study Guide -...

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