VAWG Study Guide 2

VAWG Study Guide 2 - VAWGStudyGuide2 Lecture 1.

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VAWG Study Guide 2 Lecture 1. What are the differences between incidence and prevalence rates? Incidence:      how frequently something happens in a given time period Prevalence:      how frequently something happens over a lifetime 2. Compare the NCVS, UCR, and Russell in terms of measuring rape frequency. UCR (Uniform Crime Reports):      voluntarily submitted by police departments to federal  data base and doesn’t include ALL crimes (rape is defined as “forcible rape”).  Unfounding:      where police decide and don’t always tell victim that the crime was made  up/didn’t occur. Exclusive for rape. NCVS (National Crime Victimization Survey):      telephone survey speaking to one person  per household 12+.  If abuser answers, he doesn’t answer honestly. 4,000 women surveyed over the phone 1 in 8 women victims in the U.S.  Russell’s Study of Sexual Exploitation:      930 women 18+  interviewed face-to-face (this is  what makes her study different from others).  Rape was defined as forced penile-vaginal.  Incidence rates: 3% attempted/completed; Prevalence rates: 44% attempted/completed,  24% completed.  She noticed 3 important patterns in rape: The more well acquainted the victim was with the offender, the more likely attempts will  be completed. When someone has been raped once, they’re at an increased risk of being raped in the  future (compared to someone who hasn’t been raped) Women twice as likely to report they were raped when asked if they were “forced to have  sex” (than when asked if they were raped) 3. What did Littleton et al. mean by acknowledged and unacknowledged rape? Unacknowledged:       1. Likely romantically involved with A 2. Likely to have engaged in consensual sex before rape with A 3. Victim likely to drink alcohol prior to assault 4. Victim likely to continue relationship with A 5. V likely to use alcohol/drugs post rape Acknowledged:     1. Force 2. Victim resistance 3. PTSD symptoms 4. Stigma 
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5. Likely to disclose rape 6. Disclose to more people 4. Brown et al.’s 3 types of sexual victimization of college women.  Forcible Rape: 11% (uses or threatens to use physical force) Verbal Coercion: 47% (overwhelming pressure or arguments) Incapacitated: 42% (unable to consent or resist due to alcohol/drug intoxication) 5. What is repression and why is it important to understanding the rates of child 
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course COMM 3300 taught by Professor Vogelaar,a during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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VAWG Study Guide 2 - VAWGStudyGuide2 Lecture 1.

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