SOCY2011 Midterm

SOCY2011 Midterm - Socy 2011 Mid-term Study Guide Lecture...

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Mid-term Study Guide Lecture Know the definition of a social issue from the perspective of sociology and this course and how this is different from a social problem (contrasted with readings’ definition). What makes something a social issue as opposed to a social problem or a personal trouble? What are institutions, manifest, and latent functions and how is an understanding of these terms key to explaining and addressing social issues? What are values? What are the US Values we identified as being central to most Americans and therefore key when assessing social issues (American Ideology)? What are the 3Fs that primarily concern sociologists as we examine and evaluate social conditions? Early readings What is a sociological imagination according to Mills and what good is it? The imagination is the capacity to shift from one perspective to another—from the political to the psychological Urge to know the social and historical meaning of the individual in the society and in the period in which he has his quality and his being Man’s self-concious view of himself as at least an outsider, if not a permanent stranger, rests upon an absorbed realization of social relativity and of the transformative power of history Soc. Imagination wroks between “the personal troubles of milieu” and “the public issues of social structure” Enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for the inner life and external career of a variety of individuals What is the difference between a public issue and private trouble? Troubles: occur within the character of the individual and within the range of his immediate relations with others; they have to do with his self and with those limited areas of social life of which he is directly and personally aware. (private matter) Issues: have to do with matters that transcend these local environments of the individual and the range of his inner life. They have to do with the organization of many such milieux into the institutions of an historical society as a whole, with the ways in which various milieux overlap and interpenetrate to form the larger structure of social and historical life. (public matter: often involves a crisis in institutional arrangements) What are the three points to Charon’s case for the importance of studying social problems? According to Charon, what makes a problem (what does it’s definition depend upon) and what makes that a social problem? What is a social cause (relate to social patterns) and what other sources/causes do people look to in order to explain social problems? What is at the heart of Gusfield’s definition of a social problem? How are institutions and the development of the welfare state involved in our identification of
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SOCY2011 Midterm - Socy 2011 Mid-term Study Guide Lecture...

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