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CHEMISTRY A. WHAT IS ORGANIC CHEMISTRY? Organic Chemistry (Ochem) is the chemistry of carbon compounds.  Other elements such as H, O, N, S, P, Si, and the halogens are also  encountered in organic compounds. B. THE BIRTH OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: A TIMELINE 1770: Swedish Bergman proposed that: - Inorganic compounds are from minerals. Ex. NaCl - Organic substances are from living things.            Ex. Urea C. THE VITALISTIC THEORY -Organic substances could not be prepared in the laboratory. -Need a biological organ to make them. D. FRIEDRICH WÖHLER AND THE DEMISE OF THE  VITALISTIC THEORY -1828: a big blow to the vitalistic theory. - German Fredrich Wöhler synthesized urea (an organic substance)  from ammonium cyanate (an inorganic substance) in the laboratory  without the “help of a kidney”. -Thereafter, the vitalistic theory was abandoned.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY 2423 taught by Professor Kay during the Spring '08 term at Dallas Colleges.

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