week 4 part 1

week 4 part 1 - 4/18/2011 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity...

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4/18/2011 1 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD: History “An Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Mental Derangement” (Crichton, 1798) 1845 Fidgety Phil 1902 George Still first described hyperactivity and inattention 1950s DSM-II “Hyperkinetic Child Syndrome” DSM-III ADD with or without hyperactivity DSM-III-R and later ADHD ADHD Case? At age 17, Lisa still struggles to pay attention and act appropriately. But this has always been difficult for her…her parents took her to celebrate her 10 th birthday. She was so distracted by the waitress’s bright red hair that her father had to call her name 3 times before she remembered to order. Then before she could stop herself, she blurted out, “Your hair dye looks awful!” In school, Lisa was quiet and cooperative, but often seemed to be daydreaming. She was smart, yet couldn’t improve her grades no matter how hard she tried. Several times, she failed exams. She knew the answers, but couldn’t keep her mind on the test. Her parents responded to her low grades by taking away her privileges and scolding her, “You’re just lazy. You could get better grades if you only tried.”
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4/18/2011 2 ADHD: 3 Prominent Symptoms _______________ not focused on demands Hyperactivity constantly in motion, “on -the- go” Impulsivity “Acting without thinking” ADHD Prominent Symptoms: Inattention Attentional capacity - the amount of info that can be ______ and attended to for a short time (e.g., directions or phone number) Selective attention – ability to focus on relevant stimuli and not be distracted by irrelevant stimuli __________ attention – ability to maintain persistent focus on a task over a period of time, or when fatigued Sluggish __________ Tempo Lethargic, daydreaming, confused, socially withdrawn ADHD Prominent Symptoms: Inattention
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4/18/2011 3 ADHD Prominent Symptoms: Hyperactivity Constantly in motion ________ small device that measures the movement of the child wearing it ____________in activity level in the morning ADHD children more active at night More likely to occur in situations where the child is required to sit still and regulate his/her behavior Dane, Schachar, and Tannock (2000) ADHD Prominent Symptoms: ___________ “Acting without thinking” Often perceived as careless, irresponsible, immature, lazy, and rude Assessed with _____ ________ ADHD: Subtypes Predominantly Inattentive Type (ADHD-I) (6 of 9 symptoms) Predominantly _____________ Type (ADHD-HI) (6 of 9 symptoms) Combined Type (ADHD-C) (6 symptoms from each of the other subtypes)
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4/18/2011 4 ADHD DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria: Predominantly Inattentive Type Inattention: A) Fails to attend to details or makes _______________in schoolwork or other activities B) Has difficulty sustaining attention C) Does not seem to listen when spoken to D) Does not follow through on instructions or duties
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course PSCY 168 taught by Professor Rachellapidis during the Spring '11 term at UCSD.

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week 4 part 1 - 4/18/2011 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity...

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