bus-2 - Q1. a) 3 main components to expectancy theory-each...

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Q1. a) 3 main components to expectancy theory-each will influence a person’s motivation to vote a. Expectancy- they don’t understand what performance is desired or believe that effort will lead to performance: with regard to voting this means a person doesn’t understand what the outcome should be (uninformed voter) and/or they don’t believe that their vote will make a difference b. Instrumentality- this person doesn’t believe that he or she voting will change the outcome of the election; if you want to vote republican, but the democratic is clearly favored to win the electoral college, you may not vote at all c. Valence- many people simply do not care about government & who wins the election, so they refuse to vote; they also may not see the consequence of not voting as being harmful d. A person WILL vote when some level of all 3 are valid, this person (to some extent) understands the purpose of voting in elections, believes that their vote can make a difference, and values the outcome of the election b) Two recommendations based on these 3 areas of the diagnostic would be: a. Increase voter information; allow all potential voters access to more thorough and objective information about each candidate, and their views —this would help these people to understand the performance desired b. If the electoral college were to be removed, each vote would have more meaning and significance and would increase the instrumentality attached to voting in elections Q2. a) There are both strengths and weaknesses to be considered when looking at a pay-for-performance system a. Strengths- positive reinforcement, you want your employees to produce/create revenue and you are giving them incentive to do so; this also allows employees to be in competition against themselves-not relative to other employees, each person who produces is eligible for the reward b. Weaknesses- obviously, this system creates room for people to try and fluff their numbers in order to receive these extra perks, the focus becomes more about meeting the goal, than the behavior used to get that result;
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course BUS 320 taught by Professor Jennsen during the Fall '09 term at Indiana.

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bus-2 - Q1. a) 3 main components to expectancy theory-each...

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