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Unformatted text preview: the knowledge that a speaker/hearer has about her language. Prescriptive Rules: • An arbitrary set of conventions dictating how people should talk Descriptive Rules: • The rules that enable us to speak and understand in the first place! What is Grammar ■ “Language” has an external and an internal sense: ■ Externalized-language = speech (behavior) ➤ Continuous blur of sound ■ Internalized-language = grammar (knowledge) ➤ Grammar is in the mind ➤ A mental model to describe formal knowledge/competence of speaker/hearer ■ Extensional versus intensional ■ Two sets can appear to be very different (if you look at their extensional definitions) And yet, the same two sets can appear to be very similar (if you look at their intensional definitions (i.e., the mathematical functions that define them....
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course CJUS 310 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Indiana.
- Fall '09