s-2 - Inflection Inflection never changes the part of...

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Inflection Inflection never changes the part of speech of the base use + s, + ing it creates a different form of the same word it adds predictable “grammatical” meaning morphological forms are regular Derivation often does change the part of speech of the base use + able, + er it creates a new, derived word it can add idiosyncratic “lexical” meaning morphological forms are less predictable Inflection vs. Derivation All derivation must be inside inflection modern +ize + ing Darwin +ism + s (*Darwinsism) Inflection creates purely compositional meaning, but derivation need not book ––> books; critic ––> critics book ---> bookish; critic -–> critical Once derivation creates a new word, that word enters the Lexicon (the mental dictionary), and can lead a life of its own, undergoing processes that change meaning or add new meanings Headedness and the inheritance of properties leaf –> leaves; stand –> stood
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s-2 - Inflection Inflection never changes the part of...

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