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Unformatted text preview: down, not up, and that they fall at a certain rate; that if pushed, they move on a flat surface in a straight line, not a circle; and so on. The beginning of science is the recognition that the simplest phenomena of ordinary life raise quite serious problems: Why are they as they are, instead of some different way? ” NOAM CHOMSKY Phrase Construction ■ friend is a specific N (Noun) that must be built into an NP (Noun Phrase) in order to be a complete unit ➤ syntactically: in the sense of being able to further combine ➤ semantically: in the sense of being able to refer Phrase Structure Terms ■ Words (lexical items), such as the N oun friend or the V erb knows , are called “heads”. ■ These heads “project” more complex structural units that contain them. ■ These higher projections are called “phrases”, such as ➤ N oun P hrase ( NP ) her friend ➤ V erb P hrase ( VP ) ate the apple...
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- Fall '09
- Semantics, Noun phrase