s-14 - T he Critical Theory of Hypothesis s Language...

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The Critical Theory of Hypothesis Language acquisition takes place during a specific stage of development Universal grammar is species specific “knowledge” of possible grammars Development of particular grammars (whether spoken or signed) must be triggered during a critical period, after which acquisition is not possible Stages of Acquisition Prelinguistic stages crying: birth to 2 months cooing: 2 - 5 months this is the “cute” stage babbling: 5 - 12 months this is the “experiment with sounds” stage Linguistic stages Development through stages, in spurts, completed roughly by age 5 phonology morphology syntax semantics Acquisition of phonology Manner of articulation: nasals < glides < stops < liquids < fricatives < affricates Point of articulation: labials < velars < alveolars < dentals < palatals Syllable Structure: starts as CV ball [ba]
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good [gude] Jennifer [dèfe r ] Note: stressed syllable retained
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