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Unformatted text preview: the book that I like ); coordination ( and ) Principles and Parameters ■ One model of Universal Grammar: ➤ There are set principles which all human languages must obey. These are fixed as such within the human mind. ➤ Some principles, however, admit a certain amount of variation in how they are instantiated. The set of possible aspects of variation for how some principle works is called its parameters . Universal Stage StruAll phrases have the same structure PRINCIPLE: Words head phrases, in accordance with the X-bar schema, but …. PARAMETER: Grammars have different direction of headedness , choice of left or right English is left-headed Japanese is right-headed (Another) PARAMETER: Whether or not items move in the syntax. (Recall movement of auxiliaries and question words in different languages.) English: What has John bought __ ? Japanese: John what bought? cture...
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- Fall '09
- Grammar, grammatical morphemes, relative clauses, Sentence length increases, unstressed function words, gradual addition