s-15 - the book that I like ); coordination ( and )...

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The developmental Road: By mid 3’s “Grammatical Explosion” Sentence length increases “Grammar explosion” (Syntactic types increase rapidly) Embedded phrases Passives, question words, relative clauses, comparatives, negations, complements and conjunctions. Use of unstressed function words ( of, the, on, -ed, -ing, -s ) Given a rule, 3-year-old child follows it 90% of the time Syntax Stages 2,3,4,5 Stage II : around 27 months gradual addition of grammatical morphemes, such as progressive -ing , prepositions in and on , plurals use of auxiliary like forms wanna, hafta, gonna MLU of 2.0-2.5 Stage III : around 31 months gradual addition of grammatical morphemes, such as pronouns and auxiliaries elaboration of NPs: that big doggie MLU of 2.5-3-0 Stage IV : around 34 months complex sentences: tell me [how do I make this] MLU of 3.0-3.75 Stage V : around 41 months (i.e., three and a half) relative clauses (
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Unformatted text preview: the book that I like ); coordination ( and ) Principles and Parameters One model of Universal Grammar: There are set principles which all human languages must obey. These are fixed as such within the human mind. Some principles, however, admit a certain amount of variation in how they are instantiated. The set of possible aspects of variation for how some principle works is called its parameters . Universal Stage StruAll phrases have the same structure PRINCIPLE: Words head phrases, in accordance with the X-bar schema, but . PARAMETER: Grammars have different direction of headedness , choice of left or right English is left-headed Japanese is right-headed (Another) PARAMETER: Whether or not items move in the syntax. (Recall movement of auxiliaries and question words in different languages.) English: What has John bought __ ? Japanese: John what bought? cture...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2011 for the course CJUS 310 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at Indiana.

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s-15 - the book that I like ); coordination ( and )...

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