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Unformatted text preview: VSO (less common) Welsh (Gaelic), Classical Arabic VOS (rare); OVS (even rarer) Malagasy; Hixkaryana (Amazon basin only?) OSV (probably nonexistent) Prominence Subject prominent English: The girl saw the dog. Topic prominent German, Russian, Japanese, ASL Den Hund hat das Madchen gesehen. [German] Sobaku videla devochka. [Russian] The Search for Universals Greenberg (1963) found 45 in 30 languages he studied. absolute: no language makes questions by reversing all words statistical: subject usually precedes object implicational: If SOV, then very probably post positional She dog sees > house in ; city from If VSO, then necessarily pre positional Sees she dog > in house; from city...
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- Fall '09