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Unformatted text preview: Genetically constructed human language processor ■ No need to study details, the general design features of language are enough ■ A Martian would see both body architecture (within a phylum) and languages as being highly similar ■ Common body architecture: backbone, four articulated limbs, head, skull, tail are universal in that animal bodies vary within limit Language Change Variation ■ Word change ➤ New words coined for new objects ➤ Words borrowed from other languages ➤ Changes in word meaning ■ Morphological change ➤ I rregular plurals ■ fot ~ foti > fot ~ fiti (“feeti”) by umlaut rule ■ Later, plural suffix drops to leave foot and feet ➤ Tense from auxiliary ■ He hammer did > He hammered ■ Syntax change ➤ English: word order, inflection, case...
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- Fall '09
- natural language