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s-18 - ➤ ASL signs are abstractions just as words in...

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Where does sign language come from Sign Language as Pidgin: Lenguaje de Signos Nicaragüense (LSN) and as Creole: Idioma de Signos Nicaragüense (ISN) Pinker, ch. 2, “Chatterboxes”, p. 24 (“Until recently there were no sign languages at all in Nicaragua …”) to p. 28 (“ … when deaf children learn from them at all, they do so by converting them into much richer natural languages.”) For more info, read: Nicaragua.pdf (posted to Oncourse> Resources> “Sign language” folder) ASL ASL obeys species specific principles of Universal Grammar ASL obeys general combinatory principles of phrase structure ASL has the same kind of rules and constraints as spoken languages ASL has a very different structure than English (it is more like Chinese or Swahili)
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Unformatted text preview: ➤ ASL signs are abstractions, just as words in spoken languages are American Sign Language ■ ASL has structure, like spoken language ■ ASL is a natural human language ■ ASL obeys principles of Universal Grammar ■ Conclusion: UG is modality independent ■ ASL is simply a language expressed in a different modality from spoken language The Human Language Capacity is mostly independent ■ Left hemisphere brain damage produces sign aphasia ➤ Broca’s type: slow awkward signing ➤ Wernicke’s type: fluent but senseless ■ Right hemisphere damage ➤ Severe spatial deficits, however ➤ Signing is not impaired (even signing devices that involve spatial syntax!)...
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s-18 - ➤ ASL signs are abstractions just as words in...

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