c-44 - *Focus is on the techniques and strategies used to...

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4/29/09 SOCIAL CONTROL THEORIES *Assume all people are capable of committing crime and would do so fi left to their own  devices. - Past theories ask the question: Why  do  people break the law? - Social control theories ask: Why  don’t  people break the law? Containment Theory  (Walter Reckless) “In a deviant society, why and how do people avoid deviance?” People become “insulated” from crime: - Internal factors - External factors Internal factors: 1. Favorable self-image 2. Inner-directed and goal oriented 3. High level of frustration tolerance 4. Internalized morals and ethics 5. Well-developed ego and superego External factors: 1. Consistent moral values 2. Institutional support for internal values
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3. Positive role models 4. Reasonable limits and responsibilities 5. Sense of belongingness *Probability of deviance increases as internal and external constraints weaken. Social Bond Theory  (Travis Hirschi)
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Unformatted text preview: *Focus is on the techniques and strategies used to regulate behavior and ensure conformity. Social control defines deviant behavior:-What’s right and wrong-What’s a violation of law *This socialization process is also referred to as “bonding ”. 4 Central Elements of Bonding 1. Attachment-Strength of ties to others • Sensitivity • Interest in others’ welfare-Three primary forms: A) Parents B) School C) Peers 2. Commitment-Investment in conventional lines of action: 1) Time 2) Energy-Develops stakes of conformity-“The more one has, the more one has to lose.” 3. Involvement-Proportion of time spent involved in conventional activities: A) Schools B) Recreation C) Family-“Idle hands are a devil’s workshop” 4. Beliefs-Attribution of moral validity to conventional forms-Similar to DA-Respect for law and authority...
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c-44 - *Focus is on the techniques and strategies used to...

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